Middle East and North Africa

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Morocco Justice Sector Management Training (March 2017-March 2020)

The Justice Sector Management Training Program builds the capacity of the Ministry of Justice and Liberties (MOJL) in management and leadership techniques that will encourage transformational change of the justice system. NCSC provides MOJL staff with training to enable the government to deliver on the promise of the 2013 Judicial Reform Charter. The Program is funded by the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL).

Program Goals: 

  • Develop and deliver management and leadership training for the Ministry of Justice and Liberties  
  • Integrate training-of-trainer approaches to expand the number of personnel trained

Morocco Justice Sector Feasibility Studies (March 2016-March 2018)

The Justice Sector Feasibility Studies Program was a research and technical assistance initiative to help the Ministry of Justice and Liberties establish new judicial institutions envisioned in the Judicial Reform Charter of 2013. In partnership with the MOJL, NCSC organized field studies to assess legal, technical, financial, and human capacity. Following the studies, NCSC provided technical assistance to implement recommendations.

Program Results: 

  • Three peer-reviewed studies were researched and drafted on the legal, technical, and financial requirements for successfully establishing the Supreme Judicial Council, the National Center for Criminal Records, and the National Observatory for the Analysis and Monitoring of Criminal Phenomena. Recommendations for the creation of each institution were collected and published.

The Program was funded by the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL).

Improving Court Administration in Tunisia Program (February 2016-February 2021)

The Improving Court Administration in Tunisia Program facilitates access to justice and the quality of justice services provided in Tunisia by developing a court management system and optimizing collaborative efforts between judges, court administrators, and other justice sector stakeholders. This projected is implemented by NCSC in close coordination with the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tunisia, and tests best practices and innovations in court administration through several “Model Courts”. 

Program Goals:

  • Designing and implementing consistent and effective court system policies and procedures to improve how Tunisian courts are managed and administered.
  • Promoting a greater coordination between judges and administrators to improve the efficiency of judicial staff.
  • The Program is funded by the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL).

Increasing Accountability in Tunisia Program (October 2017-December 2020)

The Increasing Accountability in Tunisia Program helps the Government of Tunisia develop its capacities to effectively investigate and prosecute corruption cases. NCSC carries out this program through enhancing the capacities of dedicated anti-corruption institutions and the abilities of judges, prosecutors, and staff to carry out their functions in the fight against corruption. This will result in an improvement in the prevention, identification, investigation, and prosecution of corruption cases. 

Program Goals:

  • Increasing the organizational and administrative capacities of the National Anti-Corruption Commission and the Financial Judicial Pole to fulfill their mandates in accordance with Tunisia’ Constitution, laws, and procedures. 
  • Improving the knowledge and technical capacities of these institutions’ respective staff to investigate corruption.
  • Supporting the merger of public audit institutions to improve the human and operational capacity to perform public audits, as well as strengthening the Court of Accounts. 

The Program is funded by the U.S. Department of State, Middle East Partnership initiative (MEPI). 

Improving Court Administration at the Administrative Tribunal (June 2018-May 2021)

The Improving Court Administration at the Administrative Tribunal provides technical assistance and training to the Tunisian Administrative Tribunal to strengthen court administration and communication. NCSC assists in implementing this program under a sub-award from the International Legal Assistance Consortium, a Swedish organization of which NCSC is a member. The program is funded by the Swedish International Development Agency.

Program Goals:

  • Improving the efficiency of administrative services performed by the Tunisian Administrative Court System
  • Increasing the Tunisian Administrative Court Staffs knowledge and skills for better communication with citizen

Improving Court Administration in Medenine Governorate (June 2019-June 2021)

The Improving Court Administration in Medenine Governorate is a two-year program to replicate within courts of the southeastern governorate of Medenine best practices that were tested through NCSC’s INL-funded Improving Court Administration in Tunisia Program. The program is funded by the United Nations Development Programme. 

 

Court Archiving Project in Lebanon (November 2018-November 2021)

The Court Archiving Project in Lebanon assists the Lebanese judiciary establishing and using a legal archiving system to process paper and electronic cases more effectively. This will improve fairness, effectiveness, and timeliness in the administration of justice. By supporting local justice institutions, the program will promote best practices in records management and support new functions that improve archive access and security. 

Program goals: 
-Providing the Lebanese Higher Judicial Council with proper physical systems and hardware to store archives. 
-Teaching court clerks to help the HJC use the new system effectively.
-Train local trainers to familiarize new and existing staff on the use of the new archival system and processes. 

The Program is funded by the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) in partnership with the Arab Center for the Rule of Law and Integrity (ACRLI). 

Strengthening the Independence of the Judiciary and Access to Justice in Lebanon (December 2007-December 2010)

The Strengthening the Independence of the Judiciary and Access to Justice in Lebanon (SICJCAJ) Project was dedicated to strengthening the independence of the judiciary and citizens’ access to justice in Lebanon. Additional assistance was provided to the justice sector to design and develop a strategic plan. Assistance offered under the Project ranged from developing new curricula for training of judges to the physical refurbishment of the structures housing the Judgements Enforcement Court of Beirut and the Judicial Training Institute.

Project results:
- A new training curriculum for judges was developed;
-The judicial disciplinary process for the judiciary was improved, improving the foundation for judicial ethics reform;
-The bar association’s capacity to provide legal aid services was improved, and a sustainable legal aid training program was developed;
-The physical infrastructure of the Judicial Training Institute and the Judgements Enforcement Court of Beirut were refurbished.  

The SICJCAJ Project was implemented by NCSC with funding from USAID. 

Administration of Justice Support I (March 1996-March 2004)

The Administration of Justice Support Project was designed to promote reform and improvement of the Egyptian civil court system, improving the civil legal system in Egypt. This project strengthened Egyptian initiatives in governance and participation, which was one of the key strategic objectives of USAID in Egypt. The Project worked closely with partner units within the Egyptian Ministry of Justice and sought to create the necessary structures and capacities to support improved procedures and practices.

Project Results:
-Improved case management practices within the MOJ’s partner units to address case backlog;
-increased use of automated systems to expedite case processing;  
-enhanced training capacities and educational infrastructure within MOJ partner units;
-improved human resources management 
-Automated court systems set to be replicated beyond the end of the project. 

The Project was awarded by the USAID Mission in Egypt to the America-Mideast Educational and Training Services Inc. (AMIDEAST) with NCSC and Systems Research Egypt (SRE) featured as subcontractors. 

Administration of Justice Support II (August 2004-September 2009)

The Administration of Justice Support II Project was designed to build off the achievements of the AOJS I project and strengthen the leadership of the of court reform efforts and quality and efficiency of the judicial process in Egypt. In addition to supporting USAID/Egypt’s objective to strengthen governance and participation, the Project also advocated for the integration of women in all levels of the judiciary.

Project Results:
-Replicated the court reforms achieved in AJOS I;
-Developed a nationwide plan for reform replication;
-The capacities of the Ministry of Justice, the National Center for Judicial Studies, and the Judicial Information Center were strengthened;
-The judiciary’s competency and capacities to lead and plan reforms are increased, and;
-Technology upgrades and improved staff skills were provided to family court mediation offices. 

The Administration of Justice Support II Project was a joint enterprise between USAID/Egypt and the Ministry of Justice of Egypt and was awarded to AMIDEAST with NCSC and Intercom Enterprises featured as subcontractors. 

Assessment of Iraq’s Criminal Justice Sector (2011)

In 2011, NCSC conducted an assessment on behalf of the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) Iraq office to prioritize resources for the support of the Government of Iraq in the criminal justice sector. The assessment focused on courts and correctional facilities and consisted of visiting justice sector institutions at all levels of the criminal justice system – ministerial, regional, and provincial. NCSC provided instruments for information collection that served as narrative and statistical tools to capture experts’ impressions.

Project Results:
- Six courts of appeal, six criminal courts, seven investigative courts, three juvenile courts, one misdemeanor court, and one Court of Cassation were visited.
-The High Judicial Council, the Kurdish Judicial Council were assessed,
-Six correctional facilities throughout Iraq were assessed,
-High levels meetings were held with the Chief Justices for Iraq and the Kurdish region, the Minister of Justice for the Kurdish region, and U.S. Government and European Union counterparts. 

The Assessment prepared by NCSC on behalf of INL was released in August 2011. 

Iraq Judicial Development Institute Curriculum Project (August 2013-July 2015)

The Iraq Judicial Development Institute Curriculum Project (JDIC) Project was designed to improve continuing legal education and professional development programs for Iraq’s judicial workers, including judges, prosecutors, and court staff. This Project was implemented by NCSC in collaboration with leaders from Iraq’s Higher Judicial Council (HJC) and Judicial Development Institute (JDI). NCSC’s role helped improve the JDI’s capacity to develop, implement, and sustain continuing legal education and development programs for the Iraqi judiciary. 

Project results:
-NCSC provided INL with a new five-course curriculum (on case management, constitutional law, international human rights, judicial ethics, and legal writing and reasoning)
-Materials for a course on training-of-trainers. 
-The JDI’s institutional capacity to pursue strategic plans was increased;
-The HJC and JDI received assistance to plan and design educational curricula and to deliver courses and training modules for judicial personnel. 

The JDIC Project was a three-year Federal Assistance Award granted to NCSC by the U.S Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL).  

Central Administration of Justice Sector Institutions (September 2010-December 2013)

The Central Administration of Justice Sector Institutions (CAJSI) Project provided Iraq’s judicial sector institutions with technical assistance to improve strategic planning, budgeting, and the execution of strategic objectives, such as human resources management. NCSC helped its institutional counterparts set clear and focused strategies objectives and account for demands on institutional resources. NCSC’s education, training, and mentoring during the project helped managers from these institutions improve coordination with their peers and share core competencies. Institutions which benefited from the project include the Higher Judicial Council, the Ministry of Justice, the Commission of Integrity, the Ministry of Human Rights, and the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. 

Project results:
-By working with NCSC subject matter experts, NCSC’s partner institutions were able to produce written five-year strategic plans for their institutions. 
-NCSC helped institutional leaders better incorporate budgeting into the strategic planning process.
-NCSC provided hands-on education, training, and mentoring for ministry employees on aligning skills and resources with other institutions, integrating long-term strategies with short-term objectives, and managing resistance and other change-related problems. 
-NCSC developed for its institutional partners a strategic planning handbook with guidance on how to organize and prepare strategic plans. 

The CAJSI Project was a Federal Assistance Award funded by the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL).